Publication Ethics

The "Liberal Journal of Language & Literature Review" (LJLLR) is committed to maintaining the highest standards of ethical conduct in all aspects of the publication process. This policy outlines the expectations for authors, reviewers, editors, and the publisher to ensure the integrity and credibility of the journal.

2. Author Responsibilities

  • Originality and Plagiarism: Authors must ensure that their work is original and avoid plagiarism. All sources of information and quotations must be properly cited. Self-plagiarism should also be avoided by submitting work that is significantly different from previously published material.
  • Authorship: All individuals who have made substantial contributions to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the research should be listed as authors. Contributorship statements should be accurate and reflect the true nature of each author's involvement.
  • Research Ethics: Authors are responsible for ensuring that their research has been conducted ethically, in compliance with relevant regulations and guidelines. This includes obtaining informed consent from participants, protecting vulnerable populations, and ensuring data security.
  • Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Authors must disclose any potential conflicts of interest that could influence their research or the interpretation of their findings. This includes financial interests, personal relationships, and professional affiliations.
  • Data Availability: Authors should be prepared to share their data upon reasonable request, in accordance with ethical and legal considerations.

3. Reviewer Responsibilities

  • Confidentiality: Reviewers must maintain the confidentiality of submitted manuscripts and avoid sharing any information about the manuscript with unauthorized individuals.
  • Objectivity and Fairness: Reviews should be conducted objectively and with fairness. Reviewers should avoid personal biases and focus on the merit of the research itself.
  • Expertise: Reviewers should only agree to review manuscripts in areas where they have relevant expertise. They should decline to review manuscripts if they have any potential conflicts of interest.
  • Constructive Criticism: Reviews should be constructive and provide clear and specific feedback to authors. Reviewers should aim to help authors improve their work, not just reject it.
  • Timeliness: Reviewers should provide their reviews in a timely manner, as stipulated by the journal's deadlines.

4. Editor Responsibilities

  • Fairness and Transparency: Editors are responsible for ensuring that the peer-review process is fair and transparent. They should select qualified reviewers, manage conflicts of interest, and ensure that authors have an opportunity to respond to reviewer feedback.
  • Editorial Decisions: Editors make the final decision on whether to accept or reject manuscripts based on the merits of the research and the recommendations of reviewers. They should be fair and impartial in their decision-making.
  • Retraction and Correction: Editors have a responsibility to retract or correct published articles if significant errors or unethical conduct are discovered. This should be done in a transparent manner, with clear explanations provided to readers.

5. Publisher Responsibilities

  • Publication Ethics: The publisher is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics. This includes supporting editors and reviewers in their efforts to maintain the integrity of the journal.
  • Copyright and Permissions: The publisher is responsible for securing all necessary copyrights and permissions for published material.
  • Archiving and Preservation: The publisher is responsible for ensuring that published articles are archived and preserved for future access.
  • Complaints and Appeals: The publisher has a procedure in place for handling complaints and appeals from authors, reviewers, and readers.